Download e-book for kindle: Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic by Claude Hagége

By Claude Hagége

This pioneering research is predicated on an research of over two hundred languages, together with African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are a nearly common a part of speech. English has prepositions; a few languages, comparable to eastern, have postpositions; others have either; and but others types that aren't relatively both. As grammatical instruments they mark the connection among elements of a sentence: routinely one point governs a noun or noun-like be aware or word whereas the opposite features as a predicate. From the syntactic perspective, the supplement of an adposition will depend on a head: during this final sentence, for instance, a head is the supplement of on whereas on a head relies on depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie on the middle of the grammar of so much languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in daily speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological positive aspects, syntactic capabilities, and semantic and cognitive houses. He does so for the subsets either one of adpositions that specific the kinfolk of agent, sufferer, and beneficiary, and of these which mark house, time, accompaniment, or device. Adpositions usually govern case and are often progressively grammaticalized into case. the writer considers the complete set of functionality markers, together with case, that seem as adpositions and, in doing so, throws mild on approaches of morphological and syntactic switch in numerous languages and language households. His publication should be welcomed through typologists and through syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

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Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by Claude Hagége


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