By Ellen Clayton Garwood
Will Clayton left his mark on international trade throughout the improvement of Anderson, Clayton & Co., the world's biggest cotton advertising and marketing enterprise; he made an both very important galvanize on foreign economics and politics via designated and very important carrier within the country division in the course of 3 an important years of global history.
The politico-economic philosophy that might Clayton constructed as cotton service provider to the realm supplied the root for his exceptional provider as Assistant Secretary of kingdom and as Undersecretary of kingdom for fiscal Affairs and prompted the process foreign occasions excess of is usually realized.
"When the total tale of the genesis of the Marshall Plan is advised, it's going to turn into obvious that the muse was once Will Clayton's; this means that he'll have a company area of interest in heritage, for this, if for not anything else," wrote John Dalgleish in Everybody's Weekly (London) in 1947. Dalgleish's opinion is supported by way of documentary facts and the statements of others whose perspectives are given during this brief biography.
The vital occasions in Will Clayton's history that formed his personality and built his own philosophy are right here portrayed by means of person who had a different chance to view her topic at shut diversity through the major sessions of his careers in govt and enterprise. during this short bio-
graphy, his eldest daughter, Ellen Clayton Garwood, in detail yet objectively lines the evolution of Clayton's practical internationalism. The effectiveness of his governmental carrier in a fast-shrinking global had its roots in his early struggles in foreign cotton advertising and marketing. His marked skill to realize the aid of Congress for presidency proposals—extension of the Reciprocal exchange Agreements Act, the British personal loan, the Marshall Plan—is foreshadowed in his successful security of his personal enterprise prior to a Senate investigating committee within the early 20th century, and by way of his championship of Southern supply on futures contracts at the long island Cotton Exchange.
But the tale isn't really all one in all good fortune. Will Clayton sought after greater than whatever to determine his kingdom suppose club in a world alternate association, for the constitution of which he had labored so not easy. His unhappiness here—partially offset through the luck of the final contract on price lists and Trade—finds counterpart all through those pages within the hindrances he needed to triumph over in his improvement as a human being.
And person he emerges—son, husband, and father; businessman and statesman—whose
measure, with its shadow and its highlights, should still function powerful encouragement for these who
would serve their kingdom and their global with both clever devotion.
This publication, as a result, brings a be aware of convinced optimism. Will Clayton began as a negative boy one of the bewildered humans of the reconstructed South. He emerged a statesman who drew out of nonetheless worse confusion on this planet a software of hopeful and uplifting readability. His personal phrases, in a cable from Geneva, August 15, 1947, describe the problem he met—a problem that recurs in several shape this day: "A nice chance to assist Europe elevate herself completely out of a morass of bilateralism and restrictionism has floated in to us on a floodtide of destruction. If we fail to grab this chance now it may well by no means go back other than almost certainly after a 3rd global War."
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Will Clayton: A Short Biography by Ellen Clayton Garwood